The Tabula Peutingeriana. an itinerarium or Roman road map, is the only Roman world map that survived from antiquity. It depicts the road network of the Roman Colmare. The map survives sopra per unique copy, preserved at the Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek per Vienna, made by a monk sopra Colmar, Alsace, con the thirteenth century, of a map that was last revised sopra the fourth or early fifth century. That, mediante turn, was per descendent of the map prepared under the direction of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a friend of Augustus. After Agrippa’s death the map was engraved on marble and placed durante the Porticus Vipsaniae, not far from the Ara Pacis Augustae in Rome.
The Tabula Peutingeriana „is per parchment scroll , 0.34 m high and 6.75 m long, assembled from eleven sections, per medieval reproduction of the original scroll. It is a very schematic map: the land masses are distorted, especially in the east-west direction. The map shows many Roman settlements, the roads connecting them, rivers, mountains, forests and seas. The distances between the settlements are also given. Three most important cities of the Roman Pigiare, Rome, Constantinople and Antioch, are represented with special iconic decoration. Besides the totality of the Colmare, the map shows the Near East, India and the Ganges, Sri Lanka (Insula Taprobane), even an indication of Pendenza. Durante the west, the absence of the Iberian Peninsula indicates that per twelfth original section has been lost per the surviving copy.
It was copied for Ortelius and published shortly after his death durante 1598
„The table appears onesto be based on „itineraries“, or lists of destinations along Roman roads, as the distances between points along the routes are indicated. Travellers would not have possessed anything so sophisticated as a map, but they needed preciso know what lay ahead of them on the road, and how far. The Peutinger table represents these roads as verso series of roughly parallel lines along which destinations have been marked sopra order of travel. The shape of the parchment pages accounts for the conventional rectangular layout. However, verso rough similarity onesto the coordinates of Ptolemy’s earth-mapping gives some writers verso hope that some terrestrial representation was intended by the unknown compilers.
„The stages and cities are represented by hundreds feeld of functional place symbols, used with discrimination from the simplest icon of verso building with two towers preciso the elaborate individualized „portraits“ of the three great cities. Annalina and Mario Levi, the Tabulas editors, conclude that the semi-schematic semi-pictorial symbols reproduce Roman cartographic conventions of the itineraria picta described by Vegetius, of which this is the sole testimony.“
The map is named after Konrad Peutinger, per German humanist and antiquarian, who inherited it from Konrad Birkel or Celtes, who claimed sicuro have „found“ it somewhere sopra per library per 1494. Moretus printed the full Tabula in ily until 1714, when it was sold. After that it passed between royal and elite families until it was purchased by Prince Eugene of Savoy for 100 ducats. Upon the prince’s death con 1737 the map was purchased for the Habsburg Imperial Athletique Library (Hofbibliothek) con Vienna.
A partial first edition was printed at Antwerp durante 1591 as Fragmenta tabul? antiqu? by Johannes Moretus
¦ Mediante preparing his 2010 book Rome’s World: The Peutinger Map Reconsidered, historian Richard Talbert collaborated with the team of the Ancient World Mapping Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and with ISAW’s Digital Programs team at New York University, preciso produce digital tools esatto primato and analyze the map. These were published online, and could be accessed mediante :